Hikvision (002415): Integrated Material-Integration Platform to Plan IOT

Hikvision (002415): Integrated Material-Integration Platform to Plan IOT

More than just seeing, building a big platform for the integration of things and information in the era of the Internet of Things, maintaining a buy rating. Haikang was established in 2001. It started with security monitoring cards and DVR business.Upgrading to “understand”, the company gradually transformed into a video-centric intelligent IoT solution and big data service provider.

We believe that because video surveillance is a natural Internet of Things system, perception is the means, and application is the soul, the company has completed the intelligent upgrade of hardware in 15-19 years, and the establishment of the AI Cloud architecture has changed from “two pools, one library and fourThe advancement from “platform” to “material information fusion data platform” is expected to show the platform effect in the 5G Internet of Things era and become an ecological grower for multiple downstream applications. We expect the company’s EPS to be 1 in 19-21.



03 yuan with a target price of 46.


09 yuan, maintain BUY rating.

The inflection point of single-quarter revenue growth in the second quarter of 1919 has arrived. The net interest rate in 1Q19-3Q19 continued to improve over the past 18 years. The company ‘s initiative to promote channel destocking has gradually completed under the background of deleveraging.Now that the turning point has been reached, we believe that the company is expected to return to high growth driven by intelligent and IoT applications.

At the same time, the company changed the structure of the seven industry divisions launched in 2009, reorganized and integrated resources, and integrated the internal business into three business groups: PBG / EBG / SMBG, which can better meet customer needs and improve internal operationseffectiveness.

Based on the release of internal synergies, the company’s net profit continued to improve in the first three quarters of 19, and it rose by 4 in 3Q19.

97 points.

In the process of intelligent video surveillance, the company’s products have moved from AI center products to AI front-ends. For entry products, we believe that based on the advancement of AI chip computing power and software algorithms, the video surveillance industry has transformed from analog to digital → networked → high-definition → intelligentThe development of the trend can also present stronger consumer electronics and Internet features for civil security.

Hikvision began to deploy deep learning in 13 years, officially established Hikvision Research Institute in 14 years, launched AI center products based on GPU and deep learning technology in 15 years, and launched AI based on GPU / VPU and deep learning technology in 16 years. Front-end and entry products. Based on its own “fluorite” platform in 18 years, it has been focusing on packaging a variety of SaaS common components around application scenarios for customers. It has comprehensively enriched product lines in the AI era and has continuously enhanced product added value.

Haikang comprehensively plans the Internet of Things through the AI Cloud computing architecture + the material information fusion data platform. With the expansion of the Internet of Things, if the massive amount of alternative data generated by various terminals is converged to a cloud computing center for centralized processing, it cannot meet the rapid business developmentThe demand for response is limited to network scale, storage resources, and computing power.

Therefore, after completing various AI hardware layouts, Hikvision proposed an AI cloud computing architecture composed of edge routers, edge domains and cloud centers for IoT applications in 17 years. In 18 years, it strongly unified the software technology architecture, which can be efficient.Quickly responded to the needs of various industries; in 19, it released a data fusion data platform that supports cross-intelligent IoT and information networks.

We believe that in the past 4 years, Haikang has completed the comprehensive layout from hardware, software to system platform, and is expected to fully benefit the all-round rise of the Internet of Things industry in the 5G era.

Platform companies that have fully benefited from the 5G Internet of Things and maintain a BUY rating. We expect the company’s EPS to be 1 in 19-21.



03 yuan, reference industry average of 25 years.

02 times PE estimation, considering Haikang’s comprehensive layout of the Internet of Things from hardware, software to system platform, we give the company 28-30 times PE for 20 years, with a target price of 46.


09 yuan, maintain BUY rating.

Risk warning: internal macro risks; intensified overseas competition; the advancement of intelligent 天津夜网 products is less than expected.

Shaanxi Coal Industry Co., Ltd. (601225) Annual Report 2018 Comments: Stable Performance and Upgrading Expected New Mine to Release Capacity to Promote Growth

Shaanxi Coal Industry Co., Ltd. (601225) Annual Report 2018 Comments: Stable Performance and Upgrading Expected New Mine to Release Capacity to Promote Growth
Investment Highlights Shaanxi Coal released its 2018 annual report: 2018 revenue of 572.2.4 billion yuan (+12 per year.36%), achieving net profit of 109.9.3 billion (five years + 5).20%); basic profit income1.10 yuan, the proposed dividend of RMB 0.33 yuan / share (including tax), the dividend ratio is 29.11%. Prosperous coal production and sales, stability: the company achieved coal production in 20181.0.8 billion tons (佛山桑拿网previously +7.05%), to achieve coal sales 1.43 billion tons (previously +15.84%), of which self-produced coal sales1.05 billion tons, an increase of 797 every year.46 For the first time, trade coal sales were 3757.04 for the first time, increasing by 1157 each year.04 initial.The average purity per ton of coal is 372.96 yuan / ton, up 0 before.94%.In 2018, the company’s coal business income was 549.7.2 billion, accounting for 96 of total revenue.07%. The Xiaobaodang No.1 mine will undergo trial production. The release of production capacity in the future will bring development growth.At the end of 2018, the Xiaobaodang No.1 mine trial production (1500 tons / year capacity, 60% equity), the mine is about to complete the test run inspection receipts in the first half of 2019; the second phase of the mine No. 2 project (capacity of 13武汉夜网论坛00 tons) /(Year, equity accounted for 60%) is planned to be completed in 2019.  After the Xiaobaodang No.1 mine is officially put into production in 2019, it can gradually release its production capacity. The opening of the Menghua Railway is conducive to coal sales to central China’s coal-deficient provinces: Hongliulin, Zhangjiabang, Caragana Pagoda, Xiaobaodang No. 1 and No. 2 (under construction) along the Menghua Railway in MenghuaThe opening of the railway will change the transportation environment and expand new sales areas. Abundant cash flow, large repurchase gradually landed to strengthen investor confidence.The company’s balance of cash and cash equivalents at the end of 2018 was as high as 131.160,000 yuan, an increase of 47 in ten years.25% with plenty of cash.As of March 26, 2019, the company has actually repurchased company shares3.5.0 billion shares, accounting for 3 of the company’s total share capital.05%, the average repurchase price of 8.207 yuan / share. Investment strategy: The company’s production and operation are stable, the construction of new mines is progressing steadily as planned, and the overall operation is in line with expectations.With the gradual release of Xiaobaodang Mine’s production capacity in 2019, the company’s production and operation will be further improved.Based on the company’s core coal assumptions of -3%, -2%, and -1% changes in the next three years, we have adjusted our profit forecast and expect to achieve net profit attributable to mothers 114–2021 respectively.4.3 billion, 121.7.4 billion, 127.59 trillion, corresponding to EPS 1.14 yuan, 1.22 yuan, 1.28 yuan, PE corresponding to the closing price on April 11 were 8 respectively.0X, 7.5X, 7.2x, maintain “Buy” rating.  Risk warning: economic growth stalls, policy expectations risks, coal prices fall sharply, and mine construction progress is less than expected.

China Shipbuilding (600150): Performance continues to slump pending asset consolidation

China Shipbuilding (600150): Performance continues to slump pending asset consolidation

The performance exceeded expectations, but considering the asset restructuring and the merger of the two ships, the company maintained the “Buy” rating and released the third quarter report for 2019, which reported operating income of 163.

470,000 yuan, an increase of 45 years.

98%; net profit attributable to mothers reached 96.32 million yuan, a year-on-year decrease of 68.

90%, performance growth was lower than expected.

The company’s EPS for 2019-2021 is expected to be 0.

16 yuan, 0.

20 yuan, 0.

22 yuan, but taking into account the industry resource integration bonus brought by the North-South ship merger, and the major shareholders continue to promote asset construction to build military and civilian shipbuilding assembly platform, maintain the “Buy” rating.

The performance of the third quarter report was sluggish, and the comprehensive gross profit rate dropped in the first three quarters of 2019, and the company achieved operating income of 163.

470,000 yuan, an increase of 45 years.

98%, the company focused on the main business, clinging to the task objectives, the production task is relatively full; the operating cost is 150.

09 million yuan, an increase of 50 in ten years.

27%; gross profit 13.

38 ppm, an increase of 10 in ten years.

56%, an increase of 1.

2.8 billion.

The company’s comprehensive gross profit margin 8.

18%, compared to 10 in the same period last year.

80%, a decrease of 2.

The number of 62 is mainly due to the continued downturn in the shipbuilding industry, fierce market competition, and the increase in raw material costs.

The period expense ratio decreased, non-recurring gains and losses affected profit performance, and non-recurring profit increased after the first three quarters of 2019, and the company’s period expenses totaled 12.

16 ppm, an increase of 5 in ten years.

34%, an increase of 6,164 million; the expense ratio during the period was 7.

44%, down 2 each year.

87 average values, and operating efficiency has been continuously improved.

In the first three quarters of 2019, the company’s net investment income increased by 8.31 million yuan, compared with the same period last year4.

43 trillion, the first obvious decline was 3 in the same period last year.

Proceeds from disposal of $ 6.7 billion in long-term equity investments.

Asset impairment loss1.

04 billion, down 50 previously.

63%, a decrease of 1.

07 billion.

The company deducted non-returned mother’s net profit to replace 6356.

140,000 yuan, compared with the same period last year3.

07 trillion, there have been major improvements, and the quality of operations has improved.

Civil ship manufacturing leader, planned asset restructuring and injection of warship assets, maintaining “Buy” rating. According to the current operating conditions of the company, the actual revenue growth exceeds the initial assumptions, but the actual gross profit margin decreases the initial assumptions, so the relevant assumptions were adjusted.

We expect the company’s operating revenues to be 211 in 2019-2021.


5.1 billion (173 before adjustment).



180 thousand 南宁桑拿 yuan), net profit attributable to mothers from 2019 to 2021.



9 billion (6 before adjustment).



23 trillion), the company’s BVPS is expected to be 10 in 2019.

99 yuan.

Taking into account the industry resource integration bonus brought by the merger of North and South Ships, and the expectations of major shareholders to continue to promote asset operations to build a military-civilian shipbuilding assembly platform, according to the market average of 2 in 2019.

12 times the estimated average value of PB, which is given to 2 in 2019.


The target PB estimate at 14 times corresponds to a target price range of 23.


52 yuan, maintain “Buy” rating.

Risk warning: the recovery of the civil ship industry is less than expected; there is still uncertainty as to whether the restructuring plan can be approved.

How to Program a Great Dance

How to Program a Great Dance

Dance is a collection of movements. If you want to dance beautifully, you must first arrange it carefully.

Now let ‘s introduce choreography skills.

  Skill one: The defect is serious; to choose a difficult action that you have done very well, remember not to ask for difficulty.

  Technique two: understand the music; first you have to be clear about the music you choose to express some form of plot.

  Tip # 3: Analyze music; you want to overlap the music in sections, such as: main melody, sub-melody, transition, etc.

  Technique four, route design; design the route or team type you want to appear before you arrange and manipulate.

  Technique five: Step design. With a clear route, the pace can naturally be selected according to the direction of the route.

  Technique six: Arm design; After the steps are composed of the complete frame, the arm is manipulated to reflect the mood of the music.Transition actions or difficulty, etc.

Couple yoga, passing the energy of love

Couple yoga, passing the energy of love

Couple yoga is a tool that provides the power to connect our humanity. The two increase mutual trust by supporting each other’s yoga poses. In a way of yoga, they share and feel the true meaning of love with your “he”.

  Yoga teacher Lynn and Gaura Lynn, who was a professional martial arts athlete, fell in love with it at the first sight when they came into contact with yoga in 2004; she felt that they could find a peaceful mood and true happiness through practicing yoga.

Since 2010, Lynn has brought Chinese Kung Fu and Tai Chi to yoga.

Gaura has a deep attainment in yoga. He studies the basic principles of ancient yoga philosophy, culture, gyro rituals, Sanskrit prayers, Indian music, and Ayurveda (Indica medicine).

  Exercise precautions: Backward movement, hypotension is not suitable for people.

  During the stretching exercise, ask your partner if they feel fit and be careful not to overstretch.

  Thanks: Support of Y + Yoga Club First Form: Meditation Communication 1.

The male was lying on a yoga mat with his legs as wide as the cricket.


Girls uniforms, open legs, completely double in boys.


The palms of the two were folded to their chests, facing each other and paying tribute.


Breathe deeply and slowly ten times.

  Emotional communication: See each other with admiration while looking at each other.

  The second type: bend over and stretch 1.

The two stood face to face, bending their upper bodies until they were level.


Hold the opponent’s wrist, and make the body’s center of gravity backward until the force is balanced.


Take a deep breath and move each other’s centers of gravity backwards as you exhale.

  Role: This pose helps stretch the back of the body and stimulates the body’s circulatory and immune systems.

  Emotional communication: When a couple is practicing, they can support each other by touching and pulling on the palm of their hands. They can also have a humble heart to treat the other half of your love.

  The third type: swivel Shubei 1.

The two men crossed their legs and twisted their spine.


Pull each other’s floor together, connect one by one and sit under the bone to press the floor.


Straighten the tail spine during inspiration, twist backwards during exhalation, and leave 8-10 deep breaths on each side.

  Role: This exercise can help ease the tightness and stiffness of the lower back.

  Emotional communication: When doing back-to-back postures, the back of our chests, that is, the back of the heart chakra, can get each other’s induction. The back of the heart chakra represents acceptance of love, which can improve lovers’ sense of security, and have a star when accepting each otherOpen mind of tranquility.

  Fourth style: accept your love 1.

The boy kneels on his knees, his thighs are 90 degrees perpendicular to the ground, his arms extended forward, and his chin or forehead touches the ground.


The girl’s feet are larger than the hips, and her hips and coccyx sit on the boys’ hips.


The girl slowly bends back and lays on the boy’s hips, raising her head to straighten and relax.

  Role: Help the other person stretch their upper body, stretch and relax their lower back and shoulders.  Emotional communication: Mutual support requires absolute mutual trust. This action can deepen the trust of the other party and make you deeply thankful to the other party.

  Fifth type: tight resistance 1.

Boys and girls sit back to back, boys with their feet facing each other, or sit crosswise and align to open.


The boy’s arm touched the ground and slowly squeezed into the distance.


The girl straightened her legs, raised her arms up, and hugged the boy’s head back.

  Inhale first, the boy slowly leans forward when exhaling, so that the girl has a compression on the shoulder and chest.

  Role: The close tails between the couples help the boys to open their chests and shoulders while helping the abdomen and thigh muscles of the boys.

  Emotional communication: The back and the back depend on each other tightly, and the heart and the heart are closer together.

While stretching, both parties can open up and become more dependent on each other.

  Sixth style: Love is like a rock 1.

The boy clasps the girl with both hands, his thighs are firmly on the ground, and his legs and buttocks are strong.


The girl stepped on the front of the boy’s thigh, grabbed the boy’s wrist, slowly tilted his upper body back, and squeezed the front of the body.

Strengthen the contractility of hip muscles.

  Role: This pose allows boys to experience a strong support, allowing girls to have enough space to show themselves and support each other because of mutual trust.

  Emotional communication: Mutual support will deepen trust and make the relationship between the two sides as rocky and more stable.

  Seventh style: Only you with full heart 1.

Sitting cross-legged, with the tibia and ischium attached to the ground, the entire spine must be straight up.


The back of the chest is spread evenly at the same time, palms are closed on the chest, eyes can be closed, just simple breathing.

  Sit with your legs crossed, let your thoughts or thoughts go down, and meditate quietly for 10-20 minutes.

  Emotional communication: There are no thoughts or thoughts in the brain, only the shadow of the other party is left, so that deep love is deeply precipitated in the heart.

Eight Commandments You Must Know When Educating Children

Eight Commandments You Must Know When Educating Children

Moms and dads who have already been parents must have heard of many educational experiences, but the eight precepts we introduce below cannot be stepped on. Let ‘s compare them together.

  Commandment 1: Education cannot be angered, and the more important thing is not to vent their restraint instead.

When children make us very angry, we must bear with it and don’t rush to get angry first, because no matter what we do, the first thought that comes up first is often problematic.

Sometimes the mistakes made by children may be nothing, but they are not what we want, or they hit the gun at the wrong time. Just like we often encounter this situation, we are exhausted from home and have to cook.But when they saw that the children were not doing homework, they also put toys on a pile of ground, and immediately the fire came up.

If you are going to “flatten” your child at this time, you might as well pull the curtains in the living room and look at the outside view. The weather is very bright, very beautiful, and calm yourself down.

Think of it this way, the anger is half gone, and then hold the child’s hand and tell him what should be done. As a result, the child packs the toy, and then starts to work again.

  For parents, the so-called restraint, avoiding “first thoughts”, that is, educating children also requires us to have a better balance.

To treat children, we should probably change the two idioms we know well: righteousness, righteousness and strictness, and more time should be replaced with “righteousness, righteousness, gentleness”.

Strict discipline is also about strict principles and strict thinking. Be honest, gentle, and patient.

  Commandment 2: You must not think about it. To educate and educate children must be persistent, and to educate children must not ignore the details.

You see, you are the one who walks with your child. You need to show your child how to go. The type cannot be three people walking side by side. When two people are walking, the adult or man should be outside.

  Paul Clark, a well-known elementary school teacher in the United States, wrote a book “Excellent Is Cultivated.” Teacher Clark pays special attention to the detailed education of children. Some ca n’t speak with food while eating. If there are people behind when pushing the door,It is necessary to turn the door for him to look at people with kind eyes and so on. There are 55 in total, all of which are details of the child’s growth. In fact, these details are also the “big end” of life, because the details are behind the bigend.

If you do not have the responsibilities that you should always remember, and you do not live with your children, you may miss the critical period of growth, and later education will be difficult.

  Commandment 3: You cannot educate your child in public. Even if they do the worst thing, you must educate him to take the child home. Scolding and beating in public are often very serious.

In a junior high school, there was an incident where the father slaps the child in front of the teacher and classmates, and the child immediately ran to the top of the building and jumped to commit suicide. This is a heart-breaking tragedy.There are many tragedies.

The most important thing in education is to respect the human dignity of the person, to protect the child’s heart, and to do this, there is no real education at all.

  We must oppose that both praise and criticism of children are an emotional interaction. Parents who are too strong often lead to unproductive children, parents who are too rude, and children often have the same manic temperament.

Even in schools, special attention should be paid to avoid rigorous education of students in public. You can praise someone for doing it in public or even grandly.

But you have to be critical of a person, and you have to be cautious, you might as well use a private, quiet, gentle way.

A wise teacher does not need to have a severe responsibility for resigning from a student, and a wise parent can always inform and educate children that they cannot pursue immediate results.

  Commandment 4: You ca n’t talk to your child and educate your child. The less you communicate with your child, the less you know how to communicate with your child. The less you know how to communicate with your child, the more you will definitely not understand your child.So, if you have a chance to talk to your child, what would you say to him?

  As a parent, do you know the stress and suffering of your child?

Can you approach your child’s inner world?

Children are better before the third grade of elementary school. After 10 years old, they almost don’t know how to communicate.

Once there was any distress, about 35% of the children talked to classmates and friends, and less than 10% talked to parents and teachers. The image of parents gradually faded from their emotional world or even absent.

In this case, the conversation between parents and children is more likely to become preaching, criticism, and refusal. After the child is 13 years old, the child will not even give you the opportunity to criticize.

  Commandment five: Try to avoid negative education. Our culture lacks sincere praise and encouragement for people, a tradition of experiencing happiness from a small thing, and a lack of awareness that “doing something that is meaningless makes life meaningful.”

We are used to “doing big things” and getting “great achievements”. Correspondingly, we like criticism, negation, and negative cues.

If you have n’t tried one thing, someone will remind you that you must not do it well. One thing is a little bit difficult. The immediate thought is to shrink back. If one thing is not in the parents ‘mind, it is likely to be ironic and ironic.

These situations are very serious in the family culture. As parents, changing oneself must start with the desire to restrain criticism, start from changing the habit of “backstory”, and change one’s “don’t believe, encourage, and expect.””” Begins.

It is not the child’s shortcomings, shortcomings, shortcomings, but when the child has the courage to try and change, to help him.

  Commandment 6: Try to avoid education when children eat and sleep. Dining time should be a warm time for the family, and it should be a thankful moment when we can live healthy and beautifully in this world.

Eating is a kind of enjoyment, eating is a kind of communication, a beautiful exchange, a beautiful party.

Adults want to increase good parties and reduce boring entertainment.

A good party should first be in the family.

So don’t let your children tremble when they eat, and they will eventually lose their appetite for food.

I also saw some children who eat very fast. Why is it fast?

Just to make you too late to criticize him.He eats so fast, it’s not good for the stomach, it’s not good for food, let alone the etiquette of a table.

  And when the child is going to sleep, education is not only ineffective, but also affects the child’s sleep.

When the child goes to sleep, his head is full of these critical messages, and he will have nightmares.

I also have a point of view, in fact, one person sleeps well. The next day, the way to look at the world is different. The next day when you open the window, wow, you will feel that the world is very beautiful.

If there are always evil dreams, if you don’t sleep well for three days, your eyes will be full of enemies.

So let the child sleep well, let the child eat well, even if he made a mistake, you must find a more reasonable and appropriate time, and then educate.

This is actually doing good deeds for children.

  Commandment No. 7: Don’t simply compare your own children with others’ children. Each child has a huge difference. Every child has a secret we don’t know. Every child has a reason to be “this way.”

To educate your child, you better target his “this look”.

Mozart played a good violin at the age of five, and composed at the age of seven. That was Mozart.

Li Bai, we also know that he has the story of grinding the iron pestle into a needle, but his talent as the great poet is still the most important.

  Commandment No. 8: Teach your children not to “severe crimes and punish them.” First, explain that you usually spend too little time with your children, too little concern, and have not fulfilled the minimum responsibility of parenting.

First of all, it also shows that you are more “revengeful” and like turning over old accounts.

Sometimes it’s not that your words are unreasonable, but that your way is wrong.

In the wrong way, education must be ineffective.

As parents, all power means responsibility, and this responsibility forces us to change.

Insufficient sleep appropriate tonic medicine_1

Insufficient sleep, appropriate tonic

Eating some “hypnotic” foods before going to bed Although we don’t have much time to sleep, as long as we guarantee the quality of sleep, we can still be 100 times more spiritual.

Experts from the District Health Care Association said that eating some foods that are good for sleep before sleep is very good for ensuring sleep quality.

Ah Chun, who works at a financial institution, said that although she slept less during the Olympics, she did not affect her work during the day.

She said that her secret is to ensure sleep quality. She now drinks a cup of warm milk every night before going to bed and feels that the sleep quality has really improved a lot.

  Experts from the District Health Care Association said that milk has L-tryptophan, a raw material that can promote sleep serotonin synthesis. Due to its effect, after drinking a glass of milk, it can produce peptides with regulatory effects, among which there are several “opioid peptides”The substance can bind to the opioid peptide receptors of the central or peripheral nerves, exert an opiate-like anesthetic effect, make the whole body comfortable, and help to fall asleep.

In addition, honey, walnuts, sunflower seeds, red dates and other foods can also play a role in sleeping. Properly eating these foods before going to bed at night will help improve sleep quality.

  Insufficient sleep is appropriate to supplement the medicated area health care association expert Zhu said that people with insufficient sleep affect the accumulation of yang in the body, known as “lost their place”; a long time will cause yang in the body (fineQi) is gradually depleting, causing human damage and affecting health and longevity.

Chinese medicine believes that in addition to seizing the opportunity to “charge” in time for lack of sleep, you can also improve the symptoms by supplementing the diet with medicinal herbs.

  Therapeutic Party 1: American Ginseng Black-bone Chicken: 20g of American Ginseng, 1 black-bone chicken (hairless and viscera), 6 shiitake mushrooms simmered with water, 5g of peel, plus 3 jujubes, and then cook together, 1To 1.

After 5 hours, add an appropriate amount of salt and season.

This diet therapy is suitable for staying up all night long, dissipating yin fluid, fatigue, fatigue, dry mouth and less food, and those with dizziness and yellowing.

  Therapeutic formula two: eel and yam porridge: one eel, cut off the internal organs, yam, 50 grams each of the previous rice, the appropriate amount of various spices.

First put the eel slices in a bowl, add cooking wine, ginger, spring onion, and salt, mix together with yam, rice, and rice once a day.

The porridge has a strong tonic effect, making people full of energy and vitality.

  Therapeutic Party 3: Shen Ling Turtle Soup: 1 turtle, slaughtered, cut open and washed, 50 grams of ham, codonopsis, 15 grams of floating wheat, 10 grams of Poria, 6 grams of Ganoderma, jujube, 20 grams of onion, and ginger, Chicken soup, salt, MSG each amount.

Cook thoroughly in the casserole, drink soup and eat meat.

This diet is suitable for people who suffer from chronic sleep deprivation, dark circles, decreased physical fitness, insufficient gas, and fatigue.

4 University Questions for Parents Feeding Baby to Drink Water


4 University Questions for Parents Feeding Baby to Drink Water

The role of water in the human body is very important, it can help transport nutrients in the body, participate in the metabolic response of cells, maintain blood pressure stability, regulate body temperature, and remove waste in the body.

But how much water do newborns and babies drink every day to be healthy?

What to pay attention to when feeding baby water?

  First, when does a baby need to drink water?

  Your pediatrician recommends that you do not drink clear or distilled water until your baby is six months old.

Infants need enough water from breast milk and other baby foods such as milk powder.

Because the baby’s diet is almost exclusively breast milk or milk powder, and most of the milk and milk powder are water, babies usually do not need to drink extra water.

  Once your baby starts to grow teeth, they need fluoride to nourish the growth of new teeth, so at this time you need to let your baby drink fruit juice.

Some parents may want to drink more water because they are afraid of constipation.

In fact, there are many reasons for constipation in babies, which are mainly broken with the function of their stomach.

Although eating habits have an effect on constipation, they are not the main factor, so the amount of water intake mainly affects the amount of urine, not the quality and quantity of stool.

  Second, the 4 points to feed the baby 1. Do n’t feed the baby within half an hour before meals. Although drinking more water can speed up metabolism and be healthy, but for young babies, drinking water at inappropriate times may easily affect the bodyOh!

One of the times when it is not appropriate to feed your baby is before eating.

Drinking water before meals can reduce gastric juice, which is not conducive to food digestion. Drinking a bulging stomach will also affect your baby’s appetite.

Therefore, you need to advance a little bit and let your baby drink a small amount of water half an hour before meals. This can promote the secretion of saliva and help your baby digest food.

  2. You can’t feed your baby with water within 2 hours before going to bed.

Younger babies cannot fully control urination after deep sleep. If they drink too much water before going to bed, they may easily have enuresis.

Even without enuresis.

Getting up a few times a night to urinate can also affect sleep.

So mothers try not to feed the baby within 2 hours before going to bed; if it is really necessary, try to control the amount of water and let the baby lick a little to quench thirst.

  3. What kind of water do you give your baby?

What temperature is best?

  Boiled water is your best drinking choice.

After multi-layer purification treatment of boiled water, the microorganisms in the water have been killed at high temperature, and the calcium, magnesium and other elements in it are very beneficial to the body.

But pay attention to drinking fresh boiled water, because the biological activity will be lost by more than 70% when exposed to boiled water for more than 4 hours.

  The study found that it cooled to 20?
The boiled water at 25 ℃ has specific biological activity. It is very close to the characteristics of the baby’s cell fluid, so it has good affinity with the cells in the body, it is easier to penetrate the cell membrane, enter the cell, and can promote metabolism and enhanceImmune Function.

  Too cold or hot water will damage your baby’s delicate gastric mucosa and affect digestion. So in summer, it is best for your baby to hold the same boiled water, and in winter it can absorb boiled water of about 40 degrees Celsius.

  4. How much water does the baby need to drink every day?

  Factors such as age, room temperature, activity level, body temperature, small amount of milk or food can affect your baby’s need for water.

12-month-old baby should drink 120-160 ml per kilogram of body weight per day; 2-3 years old will drink 100-140 ml per kilogram of body weight per day.

Depending on the baby’s own situation, parents can supplement their baby with about 10% of their body weight every day.
15% moisture.

As long as your baby’s urination is normal, you can let your baby drink a small amount of water several times according to the actual situation. If your baby sweats a lot, you should increase the frequency of drinking water instead of the amount of water.

Liver Cirrhosis Diet

Liver Cirrhosis Diet

90 grams of raw snail meat fried with mushrooms, 250 grams of mushrooms, shredded ginger, spring onion.

  Production (1) Selecting the field snails, fermenting them with fresh water, removing the mud and dirt, boiling them with water, removing the shells and removing the meat; washing the mushrooms, removing the sludge from the roots, rinsing with boiling water, and filtering the water.

  (2) Lift the oil pan, lower the ginger and snails and remove.

Add another pan, add mushrooms, seasoning, cooking wine, add snail meat, stir-fry onion, stir-fry with wet starch, stir well.

Serve with quantity.

  Efficacy qi and spleen, dehumidification and yellowing.

It is suitable for patients with early liver cirrhosis who have deficiency of spleen deficiency and eating or acute jaundice hepatitis who are hot and humid, and suffer from complications such as lack of food, jaundice, and lack of urine.

  Note that those with spleen and stomach deficiency should not consume this product.

  300 g raw clam raw fish, 1 live catfish (weighing about 500 g), 100 ml of fresh milk, 50 g of parsley, seasoning with salt, 25 ml of cooking wine, sugar, rice vinegar, MSG, 25 onions, ginger eachG, starch 15 g, chicken broth 750 ml, cooked chicken oil 10 ml, vegetable oil 200 ml.

  Make (1) descaling the catfish, gills and viscera, wash them, use a knife to draw two oblique knives on the back of the fish, and smear water starch on both sides.

Take the pan over high heat and pour in the vegetable oil. When the oil is about 70% hot, add the catfish, and fry it on both sides (not colored). Pour the chicken broth immediately, add the cooking wine, refined salt, spring onion, and ginger. Then, useBring to a boil on high heat. After about 15 minutes, skim off the froth, remove the onion ginger, and continue to simmer on low heat.

  (2) After washing the clams with a small brush, put them into the sturgeon pot and cook together.

  (3) When the carp and clams are cooked, add MSG, sugar, and fresh milk.

After the pan is boiled, drizzle the cooked chicken oil into a fish dish, take out the ginger, and a small dish of vinegar.

Wash the parsley, chop it, and add another small dish to serve.

  Efficacy Ziyin Lishui, nourishing liver and kidney.

It is suitable for liver cirrhosis and ascites, which is caused by liver yin deficiency and abdomen as big as a drum, less abdominal distension, lower limb edema, fatigue, hot hands and feet, and no moss on the tip of the tongue.

  Fish rot grilled with fresh mushrooms, 250 grams of raw fish rot, 250 grams of fresh straw mushrooms, ginger, green onion flowers.

  Production (1) Wash the fresh straw mushrooms, shave off the root sludge, cook it with water slightly, and filter off the water.

  (2) Add oil to the pan, add ginger and sauté, add fresh mushrooms, add refined salt, sugar, monosodium glutamate, stir-fry, cook wine, put in fresh water, boil the fish rot, slightly simmer with wet starch, sprinkle onion andJust some pepper.

Serve with quantity.
  Efficacy: nourishing liver and nourishing qi, nourishing yin and clearing heat.

It is suitable for liver cirrhosis caused by liver deficiency and blood stasis.

  Remarks Fish rot is food made from fish greens, eggs, raw flour, etc., which is soft and smooth, has high nutritional value, and has certain auxiliary treatment and nutritional effects on liver disease.

Do you know these five things about sleep?


Do you know these five things about sleep?

Sleep is an important and common thing in human life, taking up almost the release time of life.

So, have you known about sleep?

How do Chinese medicine sleep and health?

銆€銆€Five things about sleeping1, half of the brain sleeping in a strange environment, we are awake. We know that the marine animals like dolphins are still awake while sleeping. A recent study found that humans also appear in some special circumstances.A similar state.

The researchers allowed the participants to sleep in the lab for one night and found that the subjects were significantly more active in the left brain than in the right brain during deep sleep.

Researchers say that when people are in an unfamiliar environment, they will unconsciously keep half of their brains awake to prevent dangerous situations.

銆€銆€2, snow people’s sleep time will become longer. Humans do not have the habit of hibernation, but when it snows, people often feel that it is difficult to climb from the bed.

A survey found that people living in easy-to-snow areas in the United States have a relatively long winter sleep time compared to people living in relatively mild areas.

For example, people living in Montana, North Dakota, Wyoming, etc. in the north of the United States have long sleep periods in the United States in January, averaging 7 hours and 20 minutes; while living in the southern region of Tennessee, MississippiPeople in states, local states and other places have an average sleep time of only 7 hours and 7 minutes in the same month.

銆€銆€3, people in Asian countries are more accustomed to nap Although the Japanese sleep time in the world is the best in the world, but the magic weapon to keep them energetic is “nap.”

The habit of nap is generally more popular in Asian countries.

Because of the dense population, people’s demand for 24-hour business services is relatively strong, leading to a general lack of sleep in Asians, and naps have improved this problem.

銆€銆€But the nap culture of different countries is not the same.

The Chinese nap is usually after a meal, and many office workers are used to putting their heads on the broad side, squatting at the table for an hour or so, and then starting the afternoon work.

This lunch break has gradually become a statutory working hour system.

The Italian lunch break is called 鈥渞iposo鈥?and their lunch break can start from noon to 1:30 pm and lasts until 2:30 pm to 4 pm.

During this period, many businesses will be closed for business. Such museums, public places such as churches will also be closed, allowing employees to have time to go home to eat a leisurely lunch, and then come back to work after a good night’s sleep.

銆€銆€The American lunch break culture is not very popular at present, but some international companies such as Google have begun to arrange lunch breaks for employees, hoping to ensure better working conditions in the afternoon through lunch break.

銆€銆€4, women’s deep sleep longer and healthier recent research shows that women usually sleep more late in sleep than men, and the number of wakes in the middle will be less.

For some symptoms that are lacking, women are more tolerant than men.

Some researchers believe that differences in sleep patterns may help explain why women usually live longer than men.

銆€銆€Professor of Psychiatry and Clinical and Translational Medicine at the University of Pittsburgh said, 鈥淲omen’s average sleep time is longer than men’s, and women’s overall health is better than men’s. There may be a correlation between the two.

Many studies have shown that sleep problems are associated with cardiovascular diseases and chronic diseases such as diabetes.

5, sleep time is interrupted is not as good as not sleeping, lack of sleep may make you depressed, but if you are gradually disturbed during sleep, then the effect of sleep is not as awake.

The latest research found that people who sleep late but can sleep for hours say that people who wake up alternately during sleep will be more boring the next day, because no longer being woken up means you have not entered deep sleep, so sleepThe effect is even worse.

銆€銆€Recommended scientific sleep schedule TCM health experts pointed out that the best sleep time for humans should be 10:00 pm – 6 am, the elderly are slightly ahead of 9 am – 5 am, children are 8 pm – 6 am.

do you know?

Experts also pointed out that different time periods actually have different meanings for sleep. The following is the timetable for scientific sleep. It does not hinder and let your sleep follow it.

銆€銆€In the evening – 9:00-11:00 detoxification process of the human lymph, the immune system is active, you should calm down, listen to music, and keep yourself as quiet as possible.

This way the immune system will do a good job of detoxification and increase your immunity.

銆€銆€Evening – 11:00-1:00 Liver begins to detox you should be asleep, don’t stay up late, then when you don’t sleep, your liver will be very tired, definitely must be damaged, you must pay attention!

銆€銆€At night – 1:00-3:00 is the time of detoxification, and should continue to sleep at that time, the armor is conducive to detoxification of the liver and gallbladder.

銆€銆€From midnight to early morning – 4:00 is the blood debris of human spine, you must sleep, don’t stay up late!

銆€銆€In the early morning – 3:00-5:00, the lungs of the person began to detoxify. People who usually cough will aggravate the cough at this time. However, they should not take cough medicine immediately, so as not to inhibit the rapid discharge of lung lungs.

銆€銆€In the morning – 5:00-7:00 people’s large intestines are detoxification, this is the best time to go to the toilet, if you do not have a bowel movement, it means that you have abnormal places, it is necessary to go to the hospital to see.
銆€銆€In the morning – 7:00-9:00 people’s small intestines began to absorb nutrients in large quantities. Before that, you should have breakfast. Otherwise, your day’s nutrition will be wasted.

People who treat the disease should eat before 6:30, and those who are healthy can eat before 7:30.

Advise those friends who are not used to eating breakfast, used to develop a good habit of eating breakfast every day, even after 9:00, also eat!